Brian O'Neill, son of son of former PNG prime minister Peter O'Neil, at Point Piper. (Photo courtesy of AFR.COM)

SYDNEY, 11 JULY 2019 (FINANCIAL REVIEW) — The middle son of ousted Papua New Guinea prime minister Peter O’Neill is living in a $13 million (US$9 million) house on Sydney’s most expensive street as an investigation is set to begin into his father’s time in office.

Brian O’Neill, who is studying at university, has been living at the house in Wolseley Road, Point Piper since the start of last year. A commission of inquiry into his father’s role in the UBS loan affair is due to start within weeks.

The property is held in the name of Sir Theophilus Constantinou, a close associate of the former prime minister and one of PNG’s richest men.

Sir Theo has never lived at the house and when visiting Sydney stays at the Langham Hotel.

One potential avenue for investigators, to look into the waterside property, comes via the Sydney office of law firm Norton Rose Fulbright and one of its former partners, Vince Baudille, who acted on the house purchase in 2015.

Another Norton Rose partner, Anthony Latimer, advised the O’Neill government the previous year on an AUD$1.24 billion (US$863 million) loan from investment bank UBS to buy a 10 per cent stake in the ASX-listed Oil Search.

That deal is now the subject of a commission of inquiry in PNG, which has similar powers to a royal commission and is due to be convened within weeks.

Latimer and Baudille left Norton Rose at the same time in January last year for the Sydney office of international law firm Bird & Bird.

Latimer was the principal adviser to the O’Neill government on the UBS loan, which ultimately turned sour and cost PNG an estimated $420 million (US$292.5 million) after the Pacific nation was forced to sell its stake in Oil Search.

The new government in Port Moresby is looking into the circumstances in which O’Neill entered into the loan agreement and those, like Norton Rose, who helped facilitate it.

Kerenga Kua, PNG’s newly sworn-in Petroleum Minister and a former attorney-general, said the role of all those involved in the controversial loan would be examined.

The Commission of Inquiry, which was announced by new Prime Minister James Marape late last month, will go beyond an earlier report by the Ombudsman Commission, which could only look into the role played by ministers and senior public servants, broadly defined as “leaders”.

“The Commission of Inquiry will now review the conduct of people who were not leaders,”Kua said.

He said it was misleading for those who fell outside the Ombudsman’s scope to say the report had made no findings against them, as UBS has done.

“Everybody who had a role to play will be the subject of scrutiny in this inquiry,” Kua said.

The Ombudsman extensively documented the role of UBS in the deal, as it did with Norton Rose and its then partner Latimer.

It passed no judgment on the firm’s legal advice or Latimer’s role in the deal, as this fell outside its scope.

A Norton Rose spokesman said: “It’s not for us to comment on matters related to our clients. As has been reported, there were a number of advisers on this transaction. We acted alongside a PNG law firm, and in accordance with our instructions.”

He said the firm had not been asked to respond to an inquiry.

It is expected the Commission of Inquiry, which is in the process of being set up, will examine payments to advisers.

The Ombudsman found that up to K9 million (AUD$3.8 million) was set aside to pay two PNG consultants, Pacific Legal and Pacific Capital.

UBS, Norton Rose, Ashurst and KPMG were allocated up to $14.6 million (US$10.1 million) in advisory fees for their role.

The issue for the Ombudsman was that K1.25 million was transferred to Pacific Capital, which then made payments over a three-month period worth a total 660,000 kina to a consulting firm, Pertusio Capital Partners.

As the Ombudsman’s commission noted in its report, Pertusio Partners had previously counted the acting secretary of the PNG Treasury, Dairi Vele, as a shareholder and director.

The Ombudsman also criticised Vele for hiring legal advisers without approval.

In a response to the Ombudsman, Vele denied he engaged the consultants and said it was Norton Rose who “actually retained” Pacific Legal.

The Australian Financial Review has established that on 02 April, 2014, company filings were lodged to show Vele was no longer a Pertusio shareholder.

Less than two weeks later, on April 10, 2014, the funds began to be transferred from Pacific Capital to Pertusio.

Vele’s ownership in Pertusio had been transferred to Norwegian Lars Mortenson and Australian Nathan Chang. The company filings said a board meeting approving the transfer had been held more than two years earlier, on March 31, 2012.

That was a Saturday, and the filings provide no explanation as to why the paperwork was lodged two years later and just weeks before the money was transferred from Pacific Capital.

The Commission of Inquiry is also expected to closely examine the advice given by Norton Rose to the PNG government.

The Ombudsman found 15 laws may have been broken in approving the loan, which was deemed to be “highly inappropriate” and “speculative”.

Its final report, tabled in Parliament last month, made adverse findings against O’Neill and said the deal to purchase the Oil Search shares was “irregular” due to the lack of consultation with state agencies and the bypassing of parliamentary approval.

The Ombudsman also made findings against Marape, who was Finance Minister at the time. The new Prime Minister said he would resign if substantive findings were made against him.

The Ombudsman found the lack of parliamentary approval may have breached the constitution and the country’s responsible lending laws.

The role of Latimer is likely to be closely scrutinised by the Commission of Inquiry, as he acted as the principal adviser to the PNG government.

He was present, according to the Ombudsman, at key moments of the deal including a visit to Abu Dhabi.

Latimer was part of a delegation headed by PNG’s then foreign minister Rimbink Pato, which had been dispatched to the United Arab Emirates to negotiate with Sheik Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

The Papuans were seeking the return of their 15 per cent stake in Oil Search, which had been pledged as collateral for a loan to cover their investment in the PNG LNG project.

Explicit in the agreement was a clause which allowed Abu Dhabi to forgive the loan and keep the shares.

It ultimately chose to do this, which pushed O’Neill to borrow the $1.2 billion (US$863 million) from UBS to buy the 10 per cent stake in Oil Search.

Oil Search would then use the funds from the PNG government’s share purchase to buy into the promising, if controversial, Elk-Antelope gas fields, which form part of the $20 billion (US$13.9 billion) Papua LNG expansion plan that is awaiting final approvals. (PACNEWS)