PORT MORESBY, 11 SEPTEMBER 2017 (POST COURIER) — According to a study on the prevalence of tuberculosis among surgical patients in Daru General Hospital, the scale of TB epidemic in Western Province is severe.

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Dr James Maibon from the hospital said although this study was an ongoing one, the primary transmission rate of multi drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Daru is 77 per cent while drug resistant TB cases notification rates were among the highest recorded globally for a sub-national district at 503 per 100,000 last year.

Maibon was speaking on the last day of the medical symposium last week.

Multi-drug resistant TB is one that is resistant to both Isoniazid and Rifampicin while extensively drug resistant TB (XDRTB) is a MDRTB with resistant to anyone of the TB second-line injectables and anyone of the fluroquinolones.

“The estimated TB among surgical patients has never been quantified in Daru,” he said. Adding that the first XDRTB was diagnosed in Daru in 2012.

Since then, almost 40 XDRTB cases have been diagnosed and managed in Daru and Port Moresby and overwhelming MDRTB.

He said the aim of the study is to assess TB prevalence among surgical patients at Daru hospital between January and June 2017 and effectiveness of TB clearance pathway prior to elective surgery. PACNEWS [/restrict]